the impact ofof smoking


There are many things that a person's background to be smokers. Originally perhaps only a curiosity and just want to try. But the effects caused by nicotine addiction makes most people carried over into a lifelong addiction to tobacco.

Data from the World Health Organization (WHO) says 1 in 10 deaths in adults are caused by tobacco use. In 2005, tobacco use caused 5.4 million deaths, or an average of one death every 6 seconds. Even in 2030 estimated the number of deaths reached 8 million.



When a cigarette lit and the smoke started to suck, a number of chemicals will be circulated to various vital organs in the body, namely the lungs, heart and blood vessels. The body will be contaminated with chemicals that can cause cancer and addiction.

Cigarette smoke issued more than 40 cancer-causing chemicals, as well as small amounts of other toxins such as arsenic and cyanide, and more than 4,000 other chemicals.
One of the chemicals in cigarettes is nicotine. Nicotine will make you addicted to cigarettes and addictive. Nicotine increases the brain chemical called dopamine, which will make you feel good. Dopamine is what caused the addiction process.

You breathe carbon monoxide from cigarette smoke replaces oxygen in the blood cells and taking the food substances from the heart, brain and other organs. Smoking is also numb the senses of taste and smell, so food is no longer as good as usual.

Direct effects experienced by people who smoke for example: brain and nervous system activity which initially increase and then decrease, feelings of mild euphoria, feeling relaxed, increased blood pressure and heart rate, decreased blood flow to the limbs such as fingers and legs, dizziness, nausea, watery eyes, increased gastric acid, decreased appetite, and reduced sense of taste and smell.

While long-term effects of tobacco use is the emergence of various diseases, among others:

* Nicotine Addiction
* Various kinds of cancer, particularly lung cancer, kidney, throat, neck, breast, bladder, pancreas and stomach. One in six male smokers will develop lung cancer.
* Heart and vascular disease: stroke and peripheral blood vessel disease.
* Respiratory tract diseases: influenza, inflammation of the respiratory tract (bronchitis), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
* Congenital defects in infants of mothers who smoked during pregnancy.
* Buerger's Disease
* Cataract
* Impaired cognitive (thinking): more susceptible to Alzheimer's Disease (senile), shrinkage of the brain.
* Impotence

Survey years 1981-1997 in the group of low-income communities, medium and high, show that in low-income community economic group, spending on smoking rose 227 percent, from Rp. 343 per person per day to Rp. 779 per person per day. It is estimated that even more in line with price increases. Smokers should be made aware so large costs of smoking.

This is a heavy economic burden to remember more than half the spending is used to supply their food. Clearly visible the impact of smoking on the process of impoverishment. Spending on cigarettes can actually be used to meet the nutritional needs of the family (young children), especially in poor families.

A health economist Soewarta Kosen stated the total cost of tobacco consumption is Rp. 127.4 trillion, which is used to spending the tobacco, the cost of hospital treatment due to tobacco consumption, disability and premature death. The amount is equivalent to 7.5-fold in tobacco tax revenues in the same year is Rp 16.5 trillion. So actually there is no advantage gained from the tobacco state. This phenomenon also occurs in all countries

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